1970 · Spain
Barco, Eduardo is an established mid-career artist, who originates from Spain, like other well-known artists such as Luis Canelo, Ligüeri, José Ferrero, José Ortiz-Echagüe, and Alfredo Rodriguez. Barco, Eduardo was born in 1970.
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was significant in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he would eventually settle in to Paris in 1904, Picasso revealed a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also considered as the most influential original member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. While they were established in France for the majority part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly prominent figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural landscape of Spain during the twentieth century was controlled by the totalitarian dictatorship of General Franco, whose regime dominated the country from 1939 to 1975. His passing induced a restoration of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who consequently reformed the State. The Franco dictatorship, characterised by a fierce anti-communist position, led to the departure of major intellectual and cultural figures, decided to escape this oppressive system. The artistic and cultural blossoming of the avant-garde were greatly affected by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are commonly associated with leftist inclinations. Some critically acclaimed modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Barco, Eduardo
Born in 1970, Barco, Eduardo was primarily inspired by the 1980s. The 1980s were an era of growing global capitalism, political upheaval, worldwide mass media, wealth discrepancies and distinctive music and fashion, characterised by hip hop and electronic pop music. This had a heavy impact on the generation of artists growing up during this decade. The fall of the Berlin Wall at the end of the decade marked the end of the Cold War, yet the era was also distinguished by the African Famine. During this time influential art movements included Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and Neo-Expressionism, which took a strong hold in Germany, France and Italy. Artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel were key artists working at this time, alongside Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf, who established the street art and graffiti movements, which quickly gained recognition.