Barbara T. Smith
1931 · United States
Barbara T. Smith is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born and brought up in the United States. Barbara T. Smith was born in 1931. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Knox Martin, Michael Goldberg, Michael Goldberg, Robert Rauschenberg and Allan Kaprow.
Historical Context of United States
The United States, in particular New York city, remains as a focal point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly influential art centre came to be in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful international art capital. The authority of the political and economic institutions of the United States in the modern sphere has provided the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are significant art movements that blossomed in the US. These very movements also echoed into a myriad of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Barbara T. Smith
Born in 1931, Barbara T. Smith was largely inspired by the 1950s. Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that explored notions of spirituality and the sublime, dominated the 1950s. Many artists concentrated on the formal properties of painting, and action painting was influenced by the political freedom of the United States, as opposed to the strict limitations of the Soviet bloc. Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb were influential artists of this period. The male dominated environment has been subsequently revised to recognise the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.