1939 · United States
Barbara Hammer is an established artist, who was born and brought up in the United States. Barbara Hammer was born in 1939. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Ray Harryhausen, Gene Davis, Diane Arbus, Ellsworth Kelly and Roy Lichenstein.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Two galleries around the world represent and exhibit Barbara Hammer's work, which are COMPANY in New York, the United States and KOW in Berlin, Germany. Barbara Hammer most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Artissima in Torino with the exhibition ABSTRACT SEX. The exhibition was open from 29 October 2019 until 02 November 2019. Barbara Hammer's other most recent exhibitions listed on Artland include the exhibitions; A Look Back: 50 Years After Stonewall (10 July 2019 - 09 August 2019) at Fort Gansevoort Gallery in New York and PRIDE a large-scale exhibition marking the #Stonewall50 anniversary (05 June 2019 - 19 July 2019) at Postmasters in New York.
Historical Context of United States
The United States, particularly New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly influential art hub emerged in the post war era, and the city succeeded in affirming its supremacy over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful global art capital. The authority of the political and economic institutions of the United States in the modern era has granted the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that flourished in the US. These very movements also reverberated into a myriad of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Barbara Hammer
Barbara Hammer was born in 1939 and was largely influenced creatively by the 1950s growing up. New York City became the focus for modernism on an international scale during the Post-War period. Many artists had travelled to the city during the Second World War, fleeing in exile from Europe. This led to a substantial pooling of talent and ideas. Influential Europeans such as Piet Mondrian, Josef Albers and Hans Hoffmann provided inspiration for American artists whilst in New York, and influenced cultural growth in the United States for many later decades. Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb were influential artists of this period. The male dominated environment has been subsequently revised to acknowledge the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.