1908 · France
Balthus is a contemporary artist considered well established, who originates from France. Balthus was born in 1908. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Maurice Estève, Jean René Bazaine and Henri Cartier-Bresson.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Balthus' work is available on display in multiple galleries listed on Artland. Galleries exhibiting Balthus' work include Gagosian | Beverly Hills in Los Angeles, as well as Gagosian | 522 West 21st Street and Gagosian | 980 Madison Avenue in New York. Balthus' work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition AN EXHIBITION FOR NOTRE-DAME at Gagosian | Le Bourget in Paris, France. The exhibition was open from 10 June 2019 until 26 July 2019. Balthus' other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions at; Gagosian | Paris in France (10 June 2019 - 26 July 2019) with the name An Exhibition for Notre Dame and Prometeogallery di Ida Pisani in Italy (19 June 2019 - 30 July 2019) with the name Demons in line. Balthus' first recorded exhibition in Artland's database was called AN EXHIBITION FOR NOTRE-DAME and took place at Gagosian | Le Bourget in Paris, France from the 10 June 2019 to 26 July 2019.
Historical Context of France
France has been a significant nation in the development of modernism. Throughout the nineteenth century, France established the foundations of what is currently known as the avant-garde, with movements such as Impressionism, Post-Impressionism and Art Nouveau, led by internationally famed artists. During the first part of the twentieth century, Paris was an essential intellectual and cultural centre, originating cutting-edge movements such as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others. These movements flourished at the beginning of the century, in the period immediately preceding the Second World War. Dominant French artistic figures from the beginning of the century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque (Spanish national who settled in France) Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier amongst many of others.
Further Biographical Context for Balthus
Balthus was born in 1908 and was primarily inspired by the 1920s. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the primary years of the twentieth century. To have these years as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by inspiring practitioners of the visual arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw significant shifts in the political world. Marxism was a prevalent political ideology which was also enormously influential amid artists and their communities. The Bauhaus was founded in 1919, and became an important place surrounding ideas in favour of the unification of art, craft and design disciplines – an idea that became known as the Gesamtkunstwerk. Surrealism came to be the key expressive mode of the 1920s, and was aided by the liberalism of Germany’s Weimar Republic, which was an environment that allowed for tremendous creative flowering.