Arno Rafael Minkkinen
1945 · Finland
Arno Rafael Minkkinen is regarded as a well established artist, who was born and brought up in Finland, like other celebrated artists such as Jaana Maijala, Kikka Nyren, Anna Retulainen, Viljami Heinonen, and Ville Kallio. Arno Rafael Minkkinen was born in 1945.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Arno Rafael Minkkinen is represented and exhibited by 4 galleries around the world, in countries like Belgium, Italy, and the United States. Galleries include Galerie Valérie Bach in Belgium, Photo & Contemporary in Italy, and Galerie Edwynn Houk | Zurich in Switzerland. Arno Rafael Minkkinen most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Galerie Edwynn Houk | Zurich in Switzerland with the exhibition Solo show. The exhibition was open from 29 March 2017 until 19 May 2017. Arno Rafael Minkkinen's other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions at; Edwynn Houk Gallery | New York in the United States (03 January 2020 - 07 February 2020) with the name 50 Years and Gallery Taik Persons in Germany (24 January 2020 - 06 March 2020) with the name Going the Distance.
Further Biographical Context for Arno Rafael Minkkinen
Arno Rafael Minkkinen was born in 1945 and was predominantly inspired by the 1960s growing up. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, the 1960s symbolize an extremely influential era which generated a significant number of breaks and challenged the order of all things. In Europe, The Iron Curtain and the Berlin wall would permanently mark people and beliefs, while in the U.S, predicaments such as the Cuban missile crisis and Vietnam war would forever impact generations to come. From education to gender issues and ideologies, a re-definition of social standards in Western society developed, with revolutionary values and movements evolving in a cradle of innovation. Simplicity and an emptiness of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, embodied by artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Uninterested in the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on delivering artworks mainly composed of polished, pure lines and geometrical elements. Digging further into some of the concepts inherent to Abstract Expressionism, artists such as Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler practiced Colour Field Painting – decidedly relating to Minimalism, with a fundamentally ruled-based approach, emptied of any expressive features. Several schools of philosophy deeply influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists fundamentally seduced by the ideologies of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide fame through their depiction of the human form and the anguish often linked to the human condition. worldwide, a significant number of art movements resounded with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni created Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group adopted similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.