Antonio Cazorla

1971 · Spain

Artist biography

Antonio Cazorla is seen as an established mid-career contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in Spain, like other renowned artists such as Alfredo Alcain, Ángel Alonso, Gómez Enríquez, Dora García, and Pepe Cruz Novillo. Antonio Cazorla was born in 1971.

Historical Context of Spain

Spain has played a crucial role in the growth of art in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, a young Pablo Picasso established a uniquely expressive approach to figuration in the post-Impressionist era, firstly with his Blue then Rose periods, although he was to settle in Paris in 1904. Picasso was also the chief founding member of the Cubist movement, a group in which he was joined by fellow Spaniard Juan Gris. Both Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were leading figures in the Surrealist movement, though they were also domiciled in France for large parts of their careers. During the twentieth century the political and cultural landscape of Spain was ruled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco whose dictatorship ruled the country, in one form or another, from 1939 until 1975, at which time the monarchy was restored to Juan-Carlos I who subsequently implemented substantial reform. The Franco regime was noted for its brutal anti-communist stance, and the departure of important intellectual and cultural figures that chose not to live under an oppressive regime. The cultural life of the avant-garde suffered greatly, since liberal artistic movements are often noted for their leftist leanings. Key modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo, and Manolo Valdes.

Further Biographical Context for Antonio Cazorla

Born in 1971, Antonio Cazorla was primarily inspired by the 1990s growing up. Art in the 1990s was defined at the beginning of the decade by a group of artists in the United Kingdom that came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists. They were a diverse collective of creatives, affiliated loosely by their age, nationality, and their association with Goldsmiths and the Royal College of Art in London, as well as being favoured by super collector of the time Charles Saatchi. The most famous artist of the group is Damien Hirst, who was also an early organiser of group activities. Other artists included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Wood. Much of their work became famous for shock tactics and the sensationalism of both material and message. They also became known for their use of throwaway materials, wild-living, and an attitude that was simultaneously counter-culture rebellion but also entrepreneurial. They gained a large amount of media coverage and dominated British art during the decade. Their international shows in the mid-1990s included the now legendary ‘Sensation'. A proliferation of trends characterised the decade, including the highly derisive sculpture of Maurizio Cattelan, and extremely sensitive advancements of conceptualism as evidenced by the work of artists like Felix Gonzalez-Torres.

Antonio Cazorla

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