1923 · Spain
Antoni Tapies is regarded as a well established artist, who originates from Spain. Antoni Tapies was born in 1923. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Antoni Tapies, Eduardo Chillida and Eduardo Arroyo.
Historical Context of Spain
Spain has played a crucial role in the maturation of art in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, a young Pablo Picasso developed a distinctively expressive approach to figuration in the post-Impressionist era, firstly with his Blue then Rose periods, although he was to settle in Paris in 1904. Picasso was also the key founding member of the Cubist movement, a group in which he was joined by fellow Spaniard Juan Gris. Both Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were leading figures in the Surrealist movement, though they were also lived in France for large parts of their careers. During the twentieth century the political and cultural landscape of Spain was dominated by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco whose dictatorship ruled the country, in one form or another, from 1939 until 1975, at which time the monarchy was restored to Juan-Carlos I who then implemented substantial reform. The Franco regime was distinguished by its brutal anti-communist stance, and the departure of important intellectual and cultural figures that elected not to live under an oppressive regime. The cultural life of the avant-garde suffered significantly, since liberal artistic movements are often noted for their leftist leanings. Important modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo, and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Antoni Tapies
Born in 1923, Antoni Tapies' creative work was primarily influenced by the 1930s. on a global scale this period can be best characterised by the clash between the world’s foremost political philosophies - Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism. In the Soviet Union, Stalin’s government required urgent funds to implement the rapid industrialisation demanded by the first Five Year Plan. It initiated a secret strategy to sell off treasures from the State Hermitage Museum in Leningrad (St. Petersburg), including a primary list of two hundred and fifty irreplaceable paintings by the Old Masters, many of which found their way to the collection of Andrew Mellon via the New York based art dealing company, Knoedler.