Annie Sprinkle / Elizabeth Stephens
1954 · United States
Annie Sprinkle / Elizabeth Stephens is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born and brought up in the United States. Annie Sprinkle / Elizabeth Stephens was born in 1954. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Bill Viola, Tony Oursler, Cindy Sherman and Keith Haring.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a major country in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war era, when the cultural importance of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly considered as the most important art hub in the world. Leading art movements established and fostered in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern echoes of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary era, the United States has exercised a strong influence upon the worldwide visual culture, due to the authority of its economic and political systems. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Annie Sprinkle / Elizabeth Stephens
Annie Sprinkle / Elizabeth Stephens was born in 1954 and was predominantly inspired creatively by the 1970s. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and growth in the arts, most often characterised as a response to the central stresses of the preceding decade. Conceptual art emerged as a key movement, and was in part an evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the artwork into the expansive outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and engaging with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal considerations, creating mysterious and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain importance for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years before, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly renowned figures worldwide. Many of the artists who became so famous and successful in the 1960s remained leading figures. For example, Andy Warhol branched out into film and magazine publishing, the first kind of pan cultural activity for a visual artist. This secured his reputation as a major international celebrity in his own right. International movements gained importance included feminism, which translated strongly into the visual culture, and photorealism which had begun in the 1960s and enjoyed momentous commercial and critical success. For the first time painters and sculptors from Latin America were embraced by the leading critical and institutional levers in New York.