1949 · United States
Annie Leibovitz is an established contemporary visual artist, who originates from the United States. Annie Leibovitz was born in 1949. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Chuck Close, Robert Mappelthorpe, Bruce Nauman, Laurie Andersen and Barbara Kruger.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Annie Leibovitz is represented by 4 galleries around the world, including countries like Switzerland and the United States. Some of those galleries are Bernheimer Fine Art in Luzern, Peter Fetterman Gallery in Los Angeles, as well as Hauser & Wirth | East 69th Street in New York. Annie Leibovitz' work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition JUBILÄUMSAUSSTELLUNG - 5 JAHRE BERNHEIMER LUZERN at Bernheimer Fine Art in Luzern, Switzerland. The exhibition was open from the 16 October 2018 until the 25 January 2019. Annie Leibovitz' work has also been exhibited during the The Early Years, 1970 – 1983: Archive Project No. 1 exhibition at Hauser & Wirth | Los Angeles in the United States (16 February 2019 - 13 April 2019).
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a prominent country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war period, when the cultural prominence of New York assumed primacy over Paris, previously considered as the most significant art centre globally. Major art movements developed and fostered in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern echoes of these many types. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has exercised a strong influence upon the worldwide visual culture, due to the dominion of its economic and political structures. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Annie Leibovitz
Born in 1949, Annie Leibovitz was primarily influenced by the 1960s in the artist's early years. In the art world, a multitude of significant changes were also taking place. Pop Art, embracing the culture of mass media through the works of Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann, was gradually breaking down the bases on which the creation and reception of art were built. Drawing from the imagery of popular culture and mass consumerism, the Pop Artists refuted the authority of highbrow art and created a ground-breaking movement, while Minimalism, simultaneously appearing, was rejecting any form of emotional manifestation and focused on art’s theoretical aspect – aspiring to pure visual responses. Honesty and an emptiness of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, embodied by artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Uninterested in the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on producing artworks mainly gathering polished, clean lines and geometrical elements. Digging further into some of the concepts inherent to Abstract Expressionism, artists like Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler practiced Colour Field Painting – strongly relating to Minimalism, with an essentially ruled-based approach, emptied of any emotional aspect. Several schools of philosophy deeply influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists heavily persuaded by the ideas of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide success through their depiction of the human form and the lament often associated with the human condition. Internationally, an important number of art movements resonated with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni created Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group espoused similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.