Alvin Robert Raffel

1905 · United States

Artist biography

Alvin Robert Raffel is an established artist, who originates from the United States. Alvin Robert Raffel was born in 1905. Artists Ansel Adams, Walker Evans, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning and Arshile Gorky are of the same generation and same country as Alvin Robert Raffel.

Alvin Robert Raffel's Gallery representation

Alvin Robert Raffel is represented by Richard Norton Gallery located in Chicago, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The US, especially New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly powerful art hub emerged in the post war era, and the city succeeded in affirming its supremacy over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful global art centre. The predominance of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has granted the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are significant art movements that emerged in the US. These very movements also reverberated into a myriad of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Alvin Robert Raffel

Alvin Robert Raffel was born in 1905 and was largely inspired by the 1920s. Important artistic innovations that had been established in the earlier part of the 20th century continued to be worked on during the 1920s and 1930s. During this period the careers of many influential and pioneering artists began to blossom, yet at the same time there was an atmosphere of reflection and solemnity following the horrors of the First World War. Significant shifts in politics were taking place worldwide, and Marxism took a strong hold as an ideology amongst artist groups and communities. Due to its cultural significance, Surrealism spread as an philosophy on an international scale, and became the most prominent theme of the pictorial arts in the 1920s. The Bauhaus movement developed during this time and focused on a unification of all modes of art, working towards the idea of the ‘Gesamtkunstwerk’. The liberal politics of the Weimar Republic in Germany empowered this movement to blossom and grow and develop further.

Alvin Robert Raffel

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