Further Biographical Context for Alfredo Casali
Alfredo Casali was born in 1955 and was predominantly influenced by the 1970s growing up. The art sphere of the 1970s was characterized by a longing to evolve and strengthen itself, as a response to the many tensions of the previous decade. One of the most important movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which emerged as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative voyage of Process art materialized by combining essential aspects of Conceptualism with further considerations on art itself. The initial ideas of environmentalism sprung from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, carving the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the regression of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly re-emerged and regained its status, particularly in Germany through the works of world renowned figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The city of New York persisted as the most prominent artistic hub of the decade, with international artists wandering through the downtown scene, visiting bars and art galleries, strengthening the idea of New York City as a cosmopolitan and refined cultural capital. A few noteworthy international movements that defined the decade include photorealism, which was firstly introduced in the 1960s and reached commercial and critical success in the 1970s, as well as feminism which had a strong impact on the visual culture.