1978 · Spain
Alex Reynolds is an established mid-career artist, who originates from Spain, like other well-known artists such as Gómez Enríquez, Lorenzo Montatore, Pablo Lambertos, Antoni Tapies, and Ángel Alonso. Alex Reynolds was born in 1978.
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was significant in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he would eventually relocate to Paris in 1904, Picasso unfolded a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also thought to be the most influential original member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. Though they were established in France for the most part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly prominent figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural landscape of Spain during the twentieth century was governed by the totalitarian dictatorship of General Franco, whose regime dominated the country from 1939 to 1975. His death prompted a restitution of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who consequently reformed the State. The Franco dictatorship, typified by an intense anti-communist position, led to the departure of major intellectual and cultural figures, determined to escape this oppressive regime. The artistic and cultural blossoming of the avant-garde were greatly affected by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are frequently associated with leftist penchants. Some highly influential modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Alex Reynolds
Alex Reynolds was born in 1978 and was largely inspired creatively by the 1990s growing up. Art in the 1990s was defined at the beginning of the decade by a group of artists in the United Kingdom that came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists. They were a diverse collective of practitioners, affiliated loosely by their age, nationality, and their association with Goldsmiths and the Royal College of Art in London, as well as being favoured by super collector of the time Charles Saatchi. The most famous artist of the group is Damien Hirst, who was also an early organiser of group activities. Other artists included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Wood. Much of their art became known for shock tactics and the sensationalism of both material and message. They also became known for their use of throwaway materials, wild-living, and an attitude that was simultaneously counter-culture rebellion but also entrepreneurial. They gained considerable amount of media coverage and dominated British art during the 1990s. Their international shows in the mid-1990s included the now legendary ‘Sensation'. Also gaining prominence at this time was a developing trend in Japan related to the huge boom in advertising and consumerism that took place during the economic dominance of the 1980s. The indigenous comic book culture of manga, allied to trends in advertising, graphic design and packaging, saw a young artist called Takashi Murakami develop his theories which he coined ’Superflat’. Influenced by his experiences in New York City in the mid-1990s, Murakami was to form a significant group called Kaikaikiki, which became internationally renowned as an artistic group.