Albert Müller

1897 · Switzerland

Artist biography

Albert Müller is an established artist, who was born in Switzerland, like other famous artists such as Henry Leutwyler, Hélène Binet, Angelika Schori, Helmut Federle, and Claude Cortinovis. Albert Müller was born in 1897.

Albert Müller's Gallery representation

Albert Müller's work is on display at Galerie Carzaniga in Basel, Switzerland.

Historical Context of Switzerland

Perhaps the most significant Swiss contribution to the history of Modernism was the establishment of the Dada movement in Zurich in 1916. Its initial members included Hugo Ball, Tristan Tzara, Jean Arp and Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Emmy Hennings, and Marcel Janco. Their headquarters, the Cabaret Voltaire, quickly became an important hub of the artistic and intellectual avant-garde, with the political neutrality Switzerland being a refuge from political uncertainty elsewhere in Europe. precedingly, Switzerland had originated some quirky and extraordinary artists in the Post-Impressionist era of the early twentieth century, including Ferdinand Hodler and Felix Vallotton. Another major movement that can be attributed to a Swiss artist was the ‘International Style’ of modernist architecture, pioneered by Le Corbusier. Le Corbusier might have become a French citizen in 1930, but he was born Charles-Édouard Jeanneret in the Neuchâtel canton of Switzerland in 1887. Indeed, his first independent projects were realized in his hometown of La Chaux-de-Fonds, including proto modern domestic villas for affluent local clients. Important Swiss artists of the twentieth century include Jean Tingely, Alberto Giacometti, John Armleder, Pipilotti Rist and Thomas Hirschhorn.

Further Biographical Context for Albert Müller

Born in 1897, Albert Müller grew up during the 1900s and 1910s and was influenced by the artistic culture of the time. The first major Post-impressionism movement in the first years of the twentieth century is generally considered to be the Fauves, a group for whom intense, other-worldly colours and vibrant brushstrokes were a key component of painting, and who counted Henri Matisse among their numbers. In Paris during the same time, a young Pablo Picasso painted his renowned Blue and Rose periods. By the end of the decade, along with Georges Braque, he had developed the first fracturing of pictorial reality with Analytical Cubism. The first twenty years of the Twentieth Century can be seen to be among the most productive, and are noted as the time in art history when modern and modernist ideas first took hold of cultural production. The new order and rationality, alongside mechanisation in modes of production, saw art’s parallel discipline of architecture develop at an astonishing rate in the work of designers such as Le Corbusier and Gerrit Rietveld. It was the era of the Bauhaus and the idea of a common discipline amongst all modes of creative arts. Most, if not all, of the key art movements we associate with modern and contemporary art can be viewed to source many of their key founding philosophies in the astounding diversity of work produced during this period.

Albert Müller

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