1952 · Iraq
Afifa Aleiby is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born in Iraq, like other well-known artists such as Hashim al-Khattat, Hiwa K, Hamid al-Attar, Ittihad Karim, and Amer al-Obaidi. Afifa Aleiby was born in 1952.
Further Biographical Context for Afifa Aleiby
Afifa Aleiby was born in 1952 and was largely influenced creatively by the 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was characterized by a wish to grow and reinforce itself, as a reaction to the many tensions of the previous decade. One of the most central movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which emerged as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative voyage of Process art emerged by combining essential aspects of Conceptualism with further reflections on art itself. The initial ideas of environmentalism sprung from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, sculpting the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the regression of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly resurfaced and regained its prominence, especially in Germany through the works of critically acclaimed figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz.
The city of New York remained as the most prominent artistic hub of the decade, with global artists wandering through the downtown scene, frequenting bars and art galleries, consolidating the idea of New York City as a cosmopolitan and sophisticated cultural capital.
Most of the dominant artistic figures of the 1960s remained highly influential and admired throughout the 1970s. Andy Warhol, for example, secured his reputation as a legendary artist, by bifurcating into film and magazine publishing, thus instituting a ground-breaking concept of cross-cultural activity for a visual artist of such fame.
Artists such as Jannis Kounnelis, Mario Merz, and Michelangelo Pistoletto attained worldwide success, as they were widely accepted as renowned members of the Italian movement Arte Povera, much-admired in the 1970s.
A few significant global movements that defined the decade include photorealism, which was initially introduced in the 1960s and reached commercial and critical success in the 1970s, as well as feminism which had a strong impact on the visual culture.
Towards the end of the 1970s, street art, emerging from graffiti, was starting to truly mesmerize the fine art community. Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat helped legitimize spray painting and tagging, demonstrating that their artworks could exist at the same time in art galleries and on city walls. Following, the global reach of street art would become extremely influential, representing an astonishing form of artistic expression.
In the eastern part of the globe, Japanese and Korean artists who held a strong interest in the European philosophy of phenomenology, associated with the Mono-Ha movement, exploring and shifting the boundaries between natural and industrial materials. Using stone, glass, cotton, sponge, wood, oil and water, they intended to create life to artworks that would emphasize the ephemeral state of these various elements and their surroundings, playing with their interdependency.