Further Biographical Context for Ada Gabriel
Born in 1898, Ada Gabriel was primarily inspired by the 1900s and 1910s growing up. The first decades of the twentieth century were defined by the dynamic development of visual and pictorial art. These years were an time of experimentation, with artists exploring into ideas surrounding Post-Impressionism, Expressionism and Abstraction. These innovations inspired artist communities and collectives across the globe, with many groups exploring different methods of expressing their ideas. After the First World War, artists began to explore psychological applications of art in response to the terrors they had witnessed. Dadaism, an absurdist movement influenced directly by the events of the war, spread to many countries across Europe and began the careers of famous artists such as Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. The movement of Surrealism, inspired by ideas concerning psychology and the subconscious which were initially developed by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, was developed from the ideas posed by Dada.