1938 · Netherlands
Aaldrik Harkema is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born in the Netherlands. Aaldrik Harkema was born in 1938. Artists Christiaan Karel Appel, Dick Bruna and Ad Dekkers are of the same generation and same country as Aaldrik Harkema.
Aaldrik Harkema's Gallery representation
Aaldrik Harkema is represented by Gallery 9 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Historical Context of Netherlands
The Netherlands has been recognised as an artistic and cultural capital for centuries, for instance through the international influence of celebrated artists such as Jan van Eyck in the fifteenth century. In the 1600s, the Dutch Golden Age saw the emergence of such illustrious artists as Rembrandt, Rubens, Vermeer, Van Dyck and Van Ruisdael. Dutch artist Vincent Van Gogh is considered as one of the most significant forerunners of the post-Impressionist era and is still regarded as an extraordinary, outstanding painter that has influenced the art sphere regardless of any era or movement. Originally established as a magazine, De Stijl was a movement that pioneered abstract art in the Netherlands, driven by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesberg. De Stijl artists would espouse a visual language solely composed of geometrical shapes, and the movement also had a profound influence on modern architecture as well as design. Gerrit Rietveld was a powerful architect and designer who embraced the ideals and the essence of De Stijl in his work. Willem de Kooning was also a Dutch national, though he migrated to the United States in the earlier years of his life, and his work was predominantly influenced by the Abstract Expressionism movement thriving in New York City in the late 1940s and 1950s.
Further Biographical Context for Aaldrik Harkema
Aaldrik Harkema was born in 1938 and was largely inspired by the 1950s. It can be said that the 1950s were dominated by Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that prioritised expressive brushstrokes and expressed ideas about organic nature, spirituality and the sublime. Much of the focus was on the formal techniques of painting, and ideas of action painting were unified with the political freedom of the United States society as opposed to the strictures nature of the Soviet bloc. Key artists of the Abstract Expressionist Generation included Jackson Pollock (who innovated his famed drip, splatter and pour painting techniques), Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. It was a male dominated environment, though necessary reassessment of this period has highlighted the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.
- Galleries Representing this Artist